The tennis of our time
From the seventeenth century, tennis, which had reached many supporters throughout Europe, also spread throughout America. However, there was no established policy regarding the characteristics of the pitch or the conduct of the balance bike for toddler.
The current tennis, with rules basically the same as those we now know, was born in England in 1874. Its creator was a British military commander Walter Compton Wingfield (in the photo), who combined some Badminton rules with others of a Chinese game to apply them to what he called sphairistiké (“pelota”, in Greek). The rules were accepted without problems, but the term sounded so quirky that the players preferred to continue calling it “tennis”.
The first men’s amateur championship was held in 1877 at The All-England Croquet Club in Wimbledon, near London. In 1881, Wimbledon had its American replica in Forest Hills. Tennis had crossed the Atlantic. In 1896 he was included in the program of the Olympics.
As in those days the tennis courts were of yerba, the new sport was called lawn-tennis (in Spanish, “tennis on yerba”). Then, when he started playing on dirt tracks, his name stayed in dry tennis . Today you play on very different surfaces: yerba, earth, cement, carpet, parquet … If you look, some balls bear the seal all courts , which translated into Spanish means “all tracks”. They are balls prepared for the game on any surface.
Tennis in Spain
But back to the story. In Spain, the ball game has a similar pattern to that of the rest of Europe. We know that Felipe el Hermoso died after playing a game. And it is surprising to note that over three centuries ago, in 1660, the writer Juan Zabaleta described tennis in fairly modern terms: “He who pulls, directs the ball where the remaining players can not catch it.”
The first party disputed according to the norms of Wingfield took place at the end of Century XIX, in the English colony formed by workers of the mines of Rio Tinto, in Huelva. In 1899 Barcelona Lawn-Tennis Club was created, and in that city took place the first international championships celebrated in our soil. That was in 1904. Five years later the Lawn Tennis Association of Spain, now known as the Royal Spanish Tennis Federation, was formed.